Research lines

At this moment three main streams of the project TIU are running:

  • Learning curve analysis: laparoscopy and robotic skills
    PhD Student: Willem Brinkman
  • Implementation of skills training in clinical practice
    PhD student: Heleen de Vries
  • Examination and certification of basic laparoscopic skills
    PhD student: Irene Tjam


Completed doctorates within the project Training in Urology:

  • Barbara Schout
    March 4, 2010: Free University Amsterdam
    Training in Urology: From Virtual to Reality (Cum Laude)
  • Marjolein Persoon
    January 19, 2012: University of Maastricht:
    Learning in Urology: The influence of simulators and human factors


  • 2014 Brinkman WM, Tjiam IM, Schout BMA, Muijtens MM, Cleynenbreugel van B, Koldewijn EL, Witjes JA. Results of the european basic laparoscopic urological skills examination. Eur Urol 2014; 65(2):490-6.
  • 2014 Tjiam IM, Berkers CH, Schout BM, Brinkman WM, Witjes JA, Scherpbier AJJA, Hendrikx AJM, Koldewijn EL. Evaluation of the educational value of a virtual reality TURP simulator according to a curriculum based approach. Simulation in healthcare. In press.
  • 2014 Tjiam IM, Persoon MC, Schout BMA, Hendrikx AJM. Aanbevelingen laparoscopie in de urologie. Hoofdstuk 7 Opleiding en training. Versie 2, 2014. In press.
  • 2014 Tjiam IM, Goossens RH, Schout BM, Koldewijn EL, Hendrikx AJ, Muijtjens AM, Scherpbier AJ, Witjes JA. Ergonomics in endourology and laparoscopy: an overview of musculoskeletal problems in urology. J Endourol. 2014 Feb 14. [Epub ahead of print]
  • 2013 Schout BMA, Vries de AH, Koldewijn EL, Rietbergen JBW, Pelger RCM, Merrienboer van JJG, Scherpbier AJJA, Wagner C, Hendrikx AJM. Rapport Training in Urology 1e Fase Implementatie 2012-2013: 40 uren project.
  • 2013 Persoon MC, Schout BMA, Gettman MT, Thiel DD. Book The comprehensive textbook of healthcare simulation. Chapter 24: Genitourinary surgery 2013. Springer New York.
  • 2013 Brinkman, Luursema, Kengen, Schout, Witjes, Bekkers. The da Vinci skills simulator for assessing learning curve and criterion-based training of robotic basic skills. Urology 2013;81(3):562-6.
  • 2012 Tjiam, Persoon, Schout, Hendrikx. Aanbevelingen laparoscopie in de urologie. Hoofdstuk 7 Opleiding en training. Versie 2, 2012. In press.
  • 2012 Tjiam IM, Schout BMA, Hendrikx AJM, Scherpbier AJJA, Witjes JA, Merrienboer van JJG.  Designing simulator-based training: An approach integrating Cognitive Task Analysis and 4-Component Instructional Design. Medical Teacher Med Teach. 2012;34(10):e698-707.
  • 2012 Tjiam IM, Schout BMA, Hendrikx AJM, Muijtjens AMM, Scherpbier AJJA, Witjes JA, Vleuten van der CPM. Program for Laparoscopic Urological Skills assessment: setting certification standards for residents. Minim Invasive Ther Allied Technol. 2012 May 10.
  • 2012 Tjiam IM, Hendrikx AJM, Persoon MC, Muijtjens AMM, Witjes JA, Scherpbier AJJA.  The basic laparoscopic urological skills training: a newly developed and validated educational program. Urology, 2012 Apr;79(4): 815-20.
  • 2011 Persoon MC, van Putten K, Muijtjens AM, Witjes JA, Hendrikx AJ, Scherpbier AJ. Effect of distraction on the performance of endourological tasks: a randomized controlled trial. BJU Int. 2011 May;107(10):1653-7.
  • 2011 Persoon MC, Broos HJ, Witjes JA, Hendrikx AJ, Scherpbier AJ. The effect of  distractions in the operating room during endourological procedures. Surg Endosc. 2011 Feb;25(2):437-43.
  • 2010 Persoon MC, Schout BMA, Martens EJ, Tjiam IM, Tielbeek AV, Scherpbier AJJA, Witjes JA, Hendrikx AJM. A simulator for training trans rectal ultrasound procedure: how useful and realistic is it? Simul Healthc. 2010 Oct;5(5):311-4.
  • 2010 Persoon MC, Schout BMA, Muijtjens AMM, Hendrikx AJM, Witjes JA, Scherpbier AJJM. The effect of a low fidelity model on cystoscopic skill training: a single blinded randomized controlled trial. Simul Healthc. 2010 Aug;5(4):213-8.
  • 2010 Schout BMA, Persoon MC, Martens EJ, Bemelmans BLH, Scherpbier AJJA, Hendrikx AJM. Analysis of the pitfalls for trainees when performing transurethral procedures in the operating room. J Endourol. 2010 Apr;24(4):621-8.
  • 2010 Schout BMA, Ananias HJK, Bemelmans BLH, d’Ancona FCH, Muijtjens AMM, Dolmans VEMG, Scherpbier AJJA, Hendrikx AJM. Transfer of Urethrocystoscopy Skills from a Virtual Reality Simulator to the Operating Room: a Randomized Controlled Trial. BJU Int Nov 12. [Epub ahead of print].
  • 2010 Wijn RPWF, Persoon MC, Schout BMA, Martens EJ, Scherpbier AJJA, Hendrikx AJM. Virtual reality laparoscopic nephrectomy simulator is short of construct validity’. J Endourol. 2010 Jan;24(1):117-22.
  • 2010 Schout BMA, Hendrikx AJM, Scheele F, Bemelmans BLH, Scherpbier AJJA. Validation and implementation of surgical simulators: a critical review of present, past and future. SurgEndosc, 2010 Mar;24(3):536-46. Epub 2009 Jul 25. Review.
  • 2010 Schout BMA, Muijtjens AMM, Hendrikx AJM, Ananias HJK, Dolmans VEMG, Scherpbier AJJA, Bemelmans BLH. Acquisition of flexible cystoscopy skills on a virtual reality simulator by experts and novices. BJU Int2010 Jan;105(2):234-9. Epub 2009 Jul 6.
  • 2010 Schout B, Beerlage H, Rietbergen J, Scherpbier A, Hendrikx A. Implementatie van structurele skillstraining in de opleiding tot uroloog. Urograaf. 2010;8:7.
  • 2009 Schout BMA, Bemelmans BLH, Martens EJ, Scherpbier AJJA, Hendrikx AJM. How Useful and Realistic is the Virtual Reality Simulator the Uro Trainer for Training the Transurethral Prostate (TURP) and Bladder Tumor Resection (TURBT) Procedures? J Urol. 2009; 181(3):1297-303.
  • 2009 Dolmans VEMG, Schout BMA, de Beer NAM, Bemelmans BLH, Scherpbier AJJA, Hendrikx AJM. The Virtual Reality Endourologic Simulator Is Realistic and Useful for Educational Purposes.J Endourol. 2009; 23(7):1175-81.
  • 2009 Persoon MC, Scherpbier AJJA, Oei SG, Meijerink WJHJ, Schijven MP, Schout BMA, Beerlage HP, Hendrikx AJM. Fundamentals of LaparoscopicSurgery: Leren opereren zonder patiënt. NTVG 2008, 52: B22.
  • 2008 Schout BMA, Dolmans VEMG, Bemelmans BLH, Schoot B.C., Scherpbier AJJA, Hendrikx AJM. Teaching diagnostic and therapeutic procedures of bladder pathology using a newly developed pig bladder model. J Endourol. 2008 Nov;22(11):2547-53.
  • 2008 Schout BMA, Dolmans VEMG, Hendrikx AJM, Brouwer T, Scherpbier AJJA, Schijven MP, Bemelmans BLH. Is endoscopic-skills training in a skills laboratory necessary? Perceptions of urology programme directors in the Netherlands. BJU Int. 2008 Nov;102(10):1362-3.
  • 2008 Schout BMA, Hendrikx AJM, Scherpbier AJJA, Bemelmans BLH. Update on Training Models in Endourology: A Qualitative Systematic Review of the Literature between January 1980 and April 2008. EurUrol. 2008 Dec;54(6):1247-61. Epub 2008 Jun 25.
  • 2008 Hendrikx A, Bemelmans B, Schout B. Training in de urologie: “virtual reality” in plaats van meester-gezel? Urograaf 2008;(3): 2-3
  • 2008 Schijven MP, Schout BMA, Dolmans VEMG, Hendrikx AJM, Broeders IAMJ, Borel Rinkes IHM. Perceptions of surgical specialists in general surgery, orthopaedic surgery, urology and gynaecology on teaching endoscopic surgery in The Netherlands. SurgEndosc. 2008 Feb;22(2):472-82.


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